Selective Schools In New Orleans

Posted by on December 4, 2012

Charter schools in New Orleans, LA (NOLA) receive a great deal of attention, in no small part because they serve a larger proportion of public school students than do charters in any other major U.S. city. Less discussed, however, is the prevalence of NOLA’s “selective schools” (elsewhere, they are sometimes called “exam schools”). These schools maintain criteria for admission and/or retention, based on academic and other qualifications (often grades and/or standardized test scores).

At least six of NOLA’s almost 90 public schools are selective – one high school, four (P)K-8 schools and one serving grades K-12. When you add up their total enrollment, around one in eight NOLA students attends one of these schools.*

Although I couldn’t find recent summary data on the prevalence of selective schools in urban districts around the U.S., this is almost certainly an extremely high proportion (for instance, selective schools in New York City and Chicago, which are mostly secondary schools, serve only a tiny fraction of students in those cities).

A couple of these New Orleans schools have been around for a long time, operating with admission/retention criteria. Virtually all of them are run by the Orleans Parish School Board, and none by the statewide Recovery School District (RSD). And they are all charter schools (all of the city’s historic selective schools having been converted into charters at some point after Hurricane Katrina). Neither of these latter two facts is surprising, especially given that four in five New Orleans students attend charter schools, and the RSD had a mandate to take over the state’s “lowest-performing” schools (a category into which selective schools presumably do not fall).

Just to give a rough idea of the students attending these schools, at least in terms of the standard education variables: Approximately 40 percent of them are eligible for free/reduced-price lunch, compared with 85 percent across all NOLA schools. Similarly, about 45 percent of selective school students are African-American, compared with 88 percent citywide; the majority of the city’s white students attend selective schools.

Opinions about these schools, in NOLA and elsewhere, are, as usual, complicated. On the one hand, there are those who feel that selective schools provide a place in which high-performing students can flourish. On the other hand, opponents might argue that these schools entail an institutionalized form of “creaming,” by which high-performing students are effectively segregated from their peers. Overall, I suspect that most people believe that there’s some appropriate role for programs designed for high-performing students, but they may vary in terms of their views of what that role should look like (e.g., Advanced Placement versus entire schools with admission criteria).

But the sheer proportional size of NOLA’s “selective sector” might represent a different league, even among strong supporters of selective schools. Of course, it’s important to note that not all of the students attending these schools would necessarily remain in the public system if these schools didn’t exist; for example, some parents might opt to send their kids to private schools, or they might leave the city entirely.

In either case, it carries implications for NOLA’s education system as a whole, as a fairly large proportion of the city’s higher-performing public school students are concentrated in a handful of selective institutions. I cannot say whether this is a “good” or “bad” thing by some absolute standard, but it could certainly carry implications for the performance of non-selective schools, charter and regular public, as well as for numerous related outcomes, such as teacher recruitment/retention.

- Matt Di Carlo

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* This may be a conservative estimate, as it doesn’t include a few schools that are somewhat ambiguous in terms of whether or not they’re selective. For instance, Warren Easton High School has an application process asking for students’ academic history, and requires that students maintain a minimum GPA of 1.5 (this document quotes the school’s handbook, which I could not find, as saying that students “may be excluded” upon failure to meet this 1.5 minimum, whereas the school’s website only says students must receive remediation if their GPA is below 1.75). It’s also worth noting that, among the students attending one of the six “officially” selective schools, about one in three attends Lusher, a K-12 charter school.


6 Comments posted so far

  • NOTE TO READERS: The final sentence of the footnote originally stated that Lusher opened after Katrina. A helpful reader pointed out that this is not accurate (it was restructured). I have corrected the post, and I apologize for the error.

    MD

    Comment by Matthew Di Carlo
    December 4, 2012 at 12:20 PM
  • The charter school model in Louisiana is much different than charter schools in other states, New Orleans has the largest percentage of charter schools than any city in the country. In regard to selective schools there are much more than six, Louisiana is the only state that allows charter schools to have selective admission. Most of the charter schools mentioned in this article were in magnet schools pre Hurricane Katrina. There are however many charter schools developed after Katrina that have selective admission requirements, if fact they make most of the charter market in New Orleans. The charter school system in Louisiana in fact promotes selectivity among its charter schools. The selective admission requirements include admission tests, screening of students grades and standardized tests scores, home visits, interviews. There are also some schools that use the ability to pay, with parent being automatically accepted into the kindergarden program when they come for a tuition pre-k program. Charter schools inn New Orleans using numerous methods to select students, with that the number of schools using selective admission requires likely in over 75% of the charter schools.

    Comment by Ray Sanders
    December 4, 2012 at 2:27 PM
  • This supports anecdotal evidence from teachers, of whom I am one, inside of New Orleans charter schools. This development is impacting the forgotten educational aspect of how much students learn from their peers in the academic and behavioral realms while in school and in friendship. For the public good, it’s disastrous. There is nothing worse than seeing precious few public education resources being funneled disproportionately to an albeit talented minority. This is the case in New Orleans, as the schools of many high-needs students need far more resources than are being allocated to them. As a result of private fundraising for these selective schools (and other unofficially selective ones), students who are truly in need lack the instruction and support students in more selective schools discount everyday here.

    Comment by Kenneth White
    December 4, 2012 at 11:05 PM
  • Is 12.5% high for exam schools?

    I only know our local scene. Boston has 3 large exam schools. All Grades 7 to 12. They enroll about 5,300 kids.

    That’s about 22% of the BPS enrollment for those grades.

    Comment by Mike G
    December 6, 2012 at 4:28 PM
  • Hi Mike,

    Good one – seems you’re correct. But I still find it pretty remarkable (and significant), even if it’s not limited to New Orleans. At some point, maybe I’ll try to check out a bunch of other large districts.

    I also think there may be a distinction – one I don’t mention in this post, in part because I’m still thinking about it – between selective high schools and those serving K-6/8.

    Thanks,
    MD

    Comment by Matthew Di Carlo
    December 8, 2012 at 12:34 PM
  • Yep. To further muddy the waters, here in Boston, there’s also a thing called “Advanced Work Class.”

    So in Grades 4, 5, 6, there are kids who don’t attend “Selective schools” per se — they are physically located in “Selective classrooms” housed in traditional schools.

    I’m not aware of data published on AWC, but I suspect the population looks a lot like the exam schools.

    Comment by Mike G
    December 10, 2012 at 11:27 AM

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